Texas Hold'em Poker
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Texas Hold'em Poker
Texas Hold'em Poker is a 7 cards game played with 4 betting rounds per hand. Each
player is dealt 2 cards, and 5 community cards are laid on the table and shared
by all players. The purpose of the game is to create the strongest 5 cards poker
hand using your 2 cards or one of them with 3 or 4 community cards or all community
During betting rounds players can choose between the following actions:
Bet ? make a wager and add it to the pot
Call - match a bet previously made by another player
Raise ? increase the amount wagered (according to the last bet that was placed). A player can raise up to 3 times during a betting round.
Check ? pass the turn to the next player, but stay in the game
Fold ? drop out of the hand that is currently played
The Dealer Button
In online poker games instead of a real dealer a Dealer button is placed next
to a player who will be the 'Dealer' of the current hand. The first person to
sit at the table will be the first Dealer, and the Dealer button will move clockwise
to the next player at the start of every new hand.
The Dealer button determines the order of betting, and therefore your location in relation to it can work for you or against you.
Betting Order According to Position
The first player on the left of the Dealer button is always the first one to act, and the betting order is fixed throughout the play of the hand. Betting order moves clockwise around the table.
Being located early in the betting order is considered a disadvantage, and players are generally advised to play only strong hands in this position. A late position in the betting order is usually an advantage since your decisions are better informed about the situation of other players.
A betting round goes on until all players have either called (matched previous bets) or folded. Then all bets are added to the total pot and a new betting round starts.
Blinds are blind bets ? bets placed before the first cards are dealt to put some money in the pot.
The player sitting on the left of the 'Dealer' places the 'Small Blind' - a sum that equals half the minimum bet.
The player sitting on the left of the player who placed the small blind (second on the dealer's left) places the 'Big Blind' ? a sum that equals the minimum bet.
For example: when playing at a $2/$4 table the small blind is $1 and the big blind is $2.
Blinds are actual bets and the players who placed them can check, call, raise, or fold when it's their turn during the betting round.
1st Round ? Pre Flop
After the blinds are paid each players gets 2 cards that only he or she can see. These cards are called 'Pocket Cards' or 'Hole'.
The first round of betting is opened with the third player from dealer's left (first player to the left of the player who placed the Big Blind).
Player can Call, Raise, or Fold according to his pocket cards.
The next player in the betting order is the one who placed the Big Blind and this player can also Check.
Bets are placed according to the minimum set for the game.
The betting round goes on until all players have called or folded. Then all bets are added to the total pot and the next round starts.
2nd Round ? The Flop
Now 3 out of the 5 community cards are opened and the second betting round begins with the first active player to the Dealer's left.
Bets and raises are still set according to the minimum.
The round ends when all players have called or folded.
3rd Round ? The Turn
In the Turn the 4th community card is open and a third betting round starts with the first active player on the Dealer's left.
Bets and raises are still set according to the maximum limit.
4th and Final Round ? The River
In the River the last of the 5 community cards is open followed by the fourth
and last betting round. If more than one player lasted to this round the cards
are opened and compared. The player holding the stronger hand wins.
In case of two players holding an equal pair, the player who has a higher second card wins.
Buy-Ins and Limits
Buy-In is the minimum amount required to join a table.
Limit Poker - Limits determine the amounts of the blind bets as well as bets and raises. Limits are specified like this: $2/$4 or $10/$20 for example, when the low number marks the minimum limit and the high number marks the maximum limit.
Pot Limit Poker ? Players can wager only on the sum of the pot.
No Limit Poker ? there are no limits on bets, and any player can bet on all of his or her chips at any time.
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